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中华文明:北京市珐琅厂

发布时间:2021-05-11 10:37 | 来源:未知
  【解说词】
  温润如古玉,富丽如锦缎,集绘画、雕刻、青铜、瓷器等中国传统工艺于一身,这就是景泰蓝,它真正的名字是"铜胎掐丝珐琅",这种工艺最早出现在春秋时期,到了明朝景泰年间的制作工艺最为精美细致,使用的珐琅釉多以蓝色为主,故称之为"景泰蓝"。1956年,42家私营珐琅厂和专为皇宫制作的造办处合并成立为北京市珐琅厂,郭沫若同志亲自题写厂名,它是行业范围内唯一一家中华老字号。回溯历史,民国时期一支抢救小组经过不懈努力,才使得这项精湛的民族传统工艺传承至今。
  标题1、动荡时期挽救景泰蓝工艺
  【同期声】
  清朝末年之后进入民国时期,战火不断使得民间工艺受到了很大的冲击,老艺人们都流落在民间,当年的也是梁思成林徽因两位老师,他成立了一个几个人的抢救小组,把这个宫廷艺术恢复在民间。
  【解说词】
  景泰蓝抢救小组成员钱美华在完成使命后,遵从导师林徽因“不要让国宝景泰蓝在中国失传”的嘱托,主动要求到北京市珐琅厂工作,为景泰蓝艺术奉献了毕生的青春与心血。
  【同期声】
  她就说我不再从事学习了,我直接到北京珐琅厂,从事景泰蓝的生产制作、设计,所以钱美华大师是景泰蓝这个行业里,她是设计第一人,由此珐琅厂成立了设计室,走入了景泰蓝设计的阶段。
  标题2、繁盛时期淬炼景泰蓝技艺
  【解说词】
  从设计、制胎,到掐丝、点蓝等108道繁缛的工序,一遍遍精镶细磨,一遍遍火中涅槃,方寸之间千锤百炼,造就了色彩斑斓的民族艺术瑰宝景泰蓝,也展现了景泰蓝工艺师傅精益求精的工匠精神。
  【同期声】
  作为一名员工最基本的精神就是干一行爱一行,干一行要干好一行,在干的当中怎么去钻研,怎么让它干好,干得比标准还要好
  【解说词】
  在老一辈工艺师的共同努力下,濒临灭绝的景泰蓝技艺走过了挽救恢复、传承发展、开拓创新的艰辛历程,迎来了属于景泰蓝的兴盛时期。景泰蓝作为国礼频频亮相于重要场合,向世界展示“东方奇葩”的魅力。如今的北京市珐琅厂顺应时代发展,积极探索创新,让景泰蓝被更多国人熟知和喜爱。
  标题3、崭新时期传承景泰蓝匠心
  【同期声】
  筹建博物馆,在景泰蓝消费中引入文化,引入历史底蕴,用文化引领景泰蓝的消费,让更多人,不同阶层的人认识景泰蓝、了解景泰蓝、喜欢景泰蓝,博物馆之后增加了体验,是更多年轻人都积极主动来这儿体验,咱们各行各业都意识到传统工艺、传统文化对国人提高国民素质有促进作用。利用景泰蓝的图案制作成文创产品,利用珐琅厂的底蕴来打造北京南城的文化园区。
  【解说词】
  北京市珐琅厂用自己独特的传承方式,吸引着越来越多的年轻人走进景泰蓝的世界,触摸这一种古老的手工艺术和传统文化。作为生产制作景泰蓝工艺的载体,北京市珐琅厂也肩负着传承的重任。
  【同期声】
  老字号首先是诚信经营,另一方面是怎么把文化底蕴,文化内涵,优良品质呈现给百姓,老字号企业也承担着北京的重大活动,说到本行,怎么把非遗这门技艺更好地传承下去,把它保护好,把它发扬光大,老一辈设计制作人员,教育家们都对传统工艺有着深厚的感情,寄予厚望,作为国有企业,更应该责无旁贷传承下去,让景泰蓝制作技艺为百姓的美好生活去服务。
  【解说词】
  不断地加大人才培养、国际交往和互动体验的北京珐琅厂,用心地传承保护中华传统手工艺,努力创新发展,让中华传统文化在日新月异中散发着独特的魅力,这一颗赤诚热烈的工匠之心也将世代传承。
  Warm as jade, rich as brocade,it integrates painting, sculpture, bronze, porcelain and other traditional Chinese crafts,This is Cloisonne,its real name is ‘copper wire enamel’,This kind of craft first appeared in the Spring and Autumn Period,during the reign of Jingtai in the Ming Dynasty, the workmanship was the most exquisite,most of the enamel used is blue,so it is called ‘Cloisonne’.In 1956, 42 private enamel factories and the manufacturing office for the Imperial Palace merged to form Beijing enamel factory,comrade Guo Moruo inscribed the name of the factory in person,it is the only Chinese time-honored brand in the industry.Looking back on history,during the period of the Republic of China, a rescue team made unremitting efforts,which has made this exquisite national traditional craft been handed down to the present.
   Saving Cloisonne Craft in Turbulent Period
  After the end of the Qing Dynasty, it entered the period of the Republic of China,with the continuous war, folk arts and crafts have been greatly impacted,the old artists are living among the people,Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin were also at that time,he set up a rescue team of several people,restored this palace art to the people.
  After completing the mission, Qian Meihua, a member of the cloisonne rescue team,she follows Lin Huiyin's advice of ‘don't let the national treasure Cloisonne be lost in China’,he took the initiative to work in Beijing enamel factory,dedicated a lifetime of youth and hard work for Cloisonne art .
  She said that I was no longer engaged in study. I went directly to Beijing enamel factory,engaged in the production and design of Cloisonne,so master Qian Meihua is in the cloisonne industry,she was the first designer.As a result, the enamel factory set up a design office,entered the stage of cloisonne design.
   Technique of Refining Cloisonne in Prosperous Period
  From design, tire making, to wire inlay, dot blue and other 108 overelaborate  processes,finishing the grinding again and again,nirvana in the fire again and again,every inch is refined,It has created colorful national art treasures, Cloisonne,it also shows the craftsman spirit of Cloisonne craftsman to keep improving.
  The basic spirit of being an employee is to love whatever job one takes up,do a good job,study during the work,how to make it better do better than the standard.With the joint efforts of the older generation of craftsmen,the endangered Cloisonne technology has gone through the hard process of saving, recovering, inheriting, developing and  innovating,ushered in the period of prosperity belonging to Cloisonne.Cloisonne, as a national ceremony, frequently appeared in important occasions,showing the world the charm of ‘Oriental wonderful flowers’.Today, Beijing enamel factory is in line with the development of the times and actively explores and innovates,let Cloisonne be known and loved by more people in China.
   Inheriting Cloisonne's Ingenuity in A New Era
   Establishing a museum,introducing culture and history into Cloisonne consumption,then leading the consumption of cloisonne with culture,let more people, people of different classes, know and like cloisonne,after the museum, the experience was added,more and more young people come here to experience it,all walks of life are aware of the traditional craft,traditional culture can promote the improvement of national quality.Creating products with cloisonne patterns,using the inside information of enamel factory to build the Cultural Park of Beijing Nancheng.
  Beijing enamel factory uses its own unique way of inheritance,attracts more and more young people to the world of Cloisonne,touch this ancient handicraft art and traditional culture.As the carrier of Cloisonne production process,Beijing enamel factory also shoulders the responsibility of inheritance.
  First of all, the time-honored brand is honest management,On the other hand is how to present the cultural heritage, cultural connotation and good quality to the people.Time honored enterprises are also undertaking major activities in Beijing.
Speaking of the profession, how to better inherit the intangible cultural heritage,protect it and carry it forward,the older generation of designers and producers,educators have deep feelings for traditional crafts,high hopes,as a state-owned enterprise,it's our duty to carry on,let cloisonne production technology serve the people's better life.
  Continuously increases talent training, international exchanges and interactive experience,Beijing enamel factory, inherits and protects traditional Chinese handicrafts,strives for innovation and development,let the Chinese traditional culture exude its unique charm in the rapid development,this sincere and enthusiastic craftsman's heart will be passed on from generation to generation.
 

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礼赞华人精神,同聚华人力量。展示中华形象,传播中华文明。

京ICP备19026375号-1 京公网安备11010102001093号 广播电视节目制作经营许可(京)字第03675号